An article on the violent history of the Hakka and the Punti. It will survey some topics regarding Hakka identity and Punti identiy. The second part of this article will delve into the minutiae of the war.
Xinjiang has over the past few years frequently reached the headlines as China is questioned over the treatment of its inhabitants and China’s legitimacy over the area. While this article shall not directly discuss those highly controversial and politicised topics, I do hope that my attempt to survey the history of Xinjiang will give theContinue reading “The Conquest of Xinjiang”
Today we remember 17 April 1895, the day Qing Empire and Japan signed the Treaty of Shimonoseki 下関条約/馬關條約. After losing horrendously against the Japanese Empire, The Qing Empire gave up its suzerain status over Korea. Liaodong, Penghu (the Pescadores) and Taiwan were officially ceded to Japan. Qing China was forced to pay 200 million taelsContinue reading “Sunburnt Dragon: The Treaty of Shimonoseki”
April 14th marks the day that the Six-Day War of 1899 (新界六日戰, Man. xinjie liuri zhan, Ca. sankaai lukjat zin) commenced between the Cantonese militia of the New Territories (to be referred to as Chinese Militia). The British had wrested free the New Territories in 1898 through an unequal treaty they signed with the Qing Empire. The British were planning to hoist their flag in Tai Po, a prominent village in the New Territories. The locals, unaware that the Qing Empire had given them away to the British, were staunchly opposed to this sudden change in regime. A conflict ensued. the British sent troops to crush the sizeable rebellion. In the interest of keeping the peace, the war was not highly publicised and subsequently forgotten. Hopefully, this piece of history will be remembered just that much more because of this article. The second part of the article will discuss Hong Kong under British Imperialist rule to show what exactly these militiamen were fighting against.
Both part 1 and part 2 of this article focused on the pain, the suffering and the wrongs that were done to the inhabitants of Qing China. This part will retrace the events already discussed in the previous parts from the perspective of the many actors involved in the conflict. One should never forget theContinue reading “War in China: a Symphony of Resistance (3/3)”
This is the second part of the article “War in China.” If you haven’t read the first one, please do so. You can click here to get to part 1.Click here to access the appendix. Today is January 15th and marks the day that the 12 demands of 11 Imperialist nations were officially accepted byContinue reading “War in China: the Ravishment of the North (2/3)”
Appendix to “the Black River Runs Red: The Massacres in Northeast China,” “War in China: the Fall of Beijing” and “War in China: the Ravishment of the North.”
Click here to access the appendix with handy map and timeline. Click here to access part 2. It is the 14th of August 1900, soldiers from all over the world have gathered in front of the City of the Khan. Its walls loom precariously over dry earth. The banners of the Empire wave atop theContinue reading “War in China: the Fall of Beijing (1/3)”
Click here to access the appendix with handy map and timeline. Precisely 119 years ago on July 17, 1900, and the following days until July 21, the Russians carried out several massacres against the native people of Northeast China (Manchuria) that occured during the mass exodus of Manchus, Daur, Solon and Chinese from Outer Manchuria.Continue reading “The Black River Runs Red: The Massacres in Northeast China.”
Today on the 9th of June we remember the signing of the Treaty of Tientsin of 1885 (not to be confused with the Treaty of Tientsin of 1858 that ended the first phase of the Second Opium War). This treaty marks the end of the Sino-French war, often referred to as the Tonkin War. ItContinue reading “China and France at War: Treaty of Tientsin (1885)”